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Fish

 

Carp and Minnows

Golden shiner, Notemigonus crysoleucas.
Golden shiner,
Notemigonus crysoleucas.

Class: Bony fish
Order: Carp, minnows and suckers
Family: Carp and minnows

Species found in the Rideau River:
Brassy minnow, common shiner, golden shiner, emerald shiner, blackchin shiner, blacknose shiner, spottail shiner, mimic shiner, bluntnose minnow, fallfish, common carp

Characteristics of the family:
Except for carp, which are relatively large, minnows are generally small. They also have a single soft rayed dorsal fin and toothless jaws. Their teeth are located in their throat.

Interesting facts:
Common goldfish and common carp belong to the minnow family.


Representative species: Golden shiner
Description This fish is a golden-yellow colour with a deeply forked tail and a deep, oval-shaped body.
Size 7 cm to 13 cm
Distribution Most of the eastern half of North America, from about mid-continent to the east coast and from the Maritime provinces to Florida. It is found along the Rideau River.
Habitat Golden shiners like clear water with little current and lots of vegetation.
Food Zooplanktons, algae, insects.
Life cycle During spring or early summer, the female scatters her eggs over algae or vegetation then abandons them. Golden shiners sometimes use largemouth bass nests for spawning.

 

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A Project of the Canadian Museum of Nature
 Images: Smithsonian Institution, NMNH, Division of Fishes