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In the list of resources below, you will find Web sites and publications with detailed information to help you start exploring activities related to native plant gardening and conservation.
This list will continue to grow. Please check back for updates.
Don't overlook our list of provincial, national and international organizations that are concerned with native plants.
Wild about Gardening
Information is provided by the Canadian Wildlife Federation on considerations for planting on a balcony or patio. Includes a list of suggested plants.
The online version of Horticultural Leaflet 1E4 from the Montréal Botanical Garden. Includes information on planning your site, choosing plants (with suggested species), knowing your environment, nectar plants, host plants, laying out your garden, further reading, and links to other Web sites that address butterfly gardening.
Butterfly Gardening: Attracting Butterflies to Gardens in the Great Lakes Watershed.
A two-page information sheet on creating a habitat to attract butterflies, from the North American Native Plant Society.
Gardening for Butterflies
This Web site reflects the practical experience and knowledge of members of the Fletcher Wildlife Garden, which is a long-term project of the Ottawa Field-Naturalists' Club. Includes information on habitat requirements and suggested plant lists.
Ground Work: Basic Concept of Ecological Restoration in British Columbia
This publication, by ecologist Don Gayton, provides an introduction to ecological restoration, including principles and issues that apply to a variety of projects. It also presents a brief history, challenges, community involvement, steps to setting up a restoration project and many other practical resources.
How Much Habitat is Enough? (Third Edition)
This document from Environment Canada provides science-based information and general guidelines to assist people involved in natural heritage conservation and preservation in ensuring there is adequate wetland, riparian and forest habitat to sustain minimum viable wildlife populations and help maintain selected ecosystem functions and attributes.
Prairie and Meadow Communities
This four-page fact sheet from Evergreen provides some practical tips on establishing a prairie or meadow habitat.
This four-page fact sheet from Evergreen provides some practical tips on establishing a woodland habitat.
Since 1973, Green Guerillas has helped thousands of people realize their dreams of turning vacant rubble-strewn lots into vibrant community gardens. Each year Green Guerillas works with hundreds of grassroots groups throughout New York City to strengthen underserved neighbourhoods through community gardening.
Seeds of Success: Growing Healthy Communities through Community Gardening
Written and researched by E. MacNair under the auspices of the POLIS Project on Ecological Governance, Seeds of Success explores how community gardens are managed in a select group of cities in Canada and the United States. Although land tenure is the primary focus of this publication, significant attention has been devoted to describing policy, programming and community initiatives.
Native Plant Gardening / Naturalized Gardening
Evergreen Native Plant Database
An interactive database created by volunteers at Evergreen with information about native tree, shrub, wildflower, grass, aquatic and vine species for all of Canada.
Grow Wild!: Native-Plant Gardening in Canada and Northern United States
This book, by Lorraine Johnson, describes the trend of native-plant gardening, profiles successful native plant gardens across northern North America and also includes native plant lists, a resource directory that details native plant gardens worth visiting in each ecological region, practical advice on how to create a native plant garden, and an excellent bibliography for further reading. Published in 1998 by Random House of Canada.
An Insider's Guide to Natives - Canadian Gardening Magazine
A short article by Lorraine Johnson on the philosophy of home gardening with native plants.
Native Plant Gardening: An Introduction to the Benefits of Landscaping with Nature
A two-page leaflet introducing gardening with native plants, from North American Native Plant Society.
Native Plant Resource Guide for Ontario (Sixth Edition)
This guide provides a list of suppliers to help you find appropriate sources of seeds or plants for ecological restoration or natural landscaping projects. Also included is information on the important steps to successful planning, establishment, and maintenance of native plantings as well as questions you should ask suppliers.
Native Plants for the Home Garden in South Coastal British Columbia (Georgia Basin)
A two-page leaflet from Naturescape British Columbia that will help you choose the best native plants for the different sites in your garden. Categorized by plants suited for sunny spots, partial shade and shady woodlands. Information is also given on type, height, features, soil conditions needed and wildlife values.
Native Trees for Gardeners in the Great Lakes Watershed
A two-page information sheet from the North American Native Plant Society by T. Atkinson introducing the benefits and basics of planting native trees.
Wild about Gardening
The Canadian Wildlife Federation's Web site includes a variety of sections on planning and building a wildlife friendly garden.
Among the sections of interest for native plant gardening:
Wild Ones: Native Plants, Natural Landscapes - Landscaping with Native Plants
This handbook represents years of experience regarding natural landscaping techniques while recognising that native plant culture and propagation theories continue to develop.
Canadian Organic Growers Library
The Canadian Organic Growers operates a lending library for the Canadian public. The library catalogue is available online.
Greenbacks from Green Roofs: Forging a New Industry in Canada
A fact sheet from Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) summarizing research and recommendations on green roof and vertical garden technologies for residential, institutional, industrial and commercial buildings.
This short article by W. Roberts describes some of the benefits of green roofs. Published by the City Farmer, Canada's Office of Urban Agriculture.
Greening Canada's School Grounds
Tree Canada provides information about the steps involved in school-ground greening and a source of funding for such projects.
The Learning Grounds Guide for Schools
A 96-page guide to planning and implementing a school-ground greening project. Written by D. Morton, T. Cameron and J. Hayes.
The Canadian Biodiversity Institute provides information for schools to transform their grounds into biologically diverse outdoor classrooms and healthy enjoyable play and social spaces. Includes information on planning, types of projects, site design, plant lists and other resources.
The Living by Water Project
Some basics on restoring and/or maintaining native plants for shoreline residents. Adapted from On the Living Edge: Your Handbook for Waterfront Living by Sarah Kipp and Clive Callaway.
Land Stewardship Resource Centre
A searchable electronic clearing house and free educational referral service from the Land Stewardship Centre of Canada. Designed for land stewards everywhere, it contains a wealth of information about user-friendly, land-use conservation practices, programs, agencies and referrals for hundreds of resources -- from books and videos to Web sites.
Caring for Wildlife Habitat at Home: Provincial Guide
This guide from Naturescape British Columbia, by S. Campbell and S. Pincott, explains how to plan projects that help restore, preserve and enhance wildlife habitat in urban and rural landscapes in British Columbia. It describes the various types of elements than can be used in creating habitat, and it gives tips on how to maintain your results. It includes sections on wildlife habitats, wildlife shelter, food for wildlife, flowering plants for attracting hummingbirds, water for wildlife, a butterfly garden plant list and more.
How to Garden with Wildlife in Mind
This special site developed by the Canadian Wildlife Federation provides varied information about gardening for wildlife.
Landscaping for Winter Birds
A list by the National Gardening Association of some common North American birds, their favourite food sources, and a short list of trees and shrubs that attract birds.
Make Your Own Wildlife Garden
A series of features prepared by the Fletcher Wildlife Garden, a long-term project of the Ottawa Field-Naturalists' Club, that cover topics such as: "What is a 'wildlife garden' anyway?", "Attracting bats to your yard", "Attracting birds to your garden", "Build a backyard pond for wildlife".
Native Shrubs for Wildlife
A two-page information sheet from the North American Native Plant Society, by T. Atkinson, that describes several shrubs that provide food or nesting-comfort for wildlife.
Planning a Hummingbird Garden
This article from the National Gardening Association, by B. Thompson III, provides some tips for attracting hummingbirds to a garden. Includes suggestions for some flowers and feeders.
Planting a Pollinator Garden
A short list from the National Gardening Association of pollinators, their favourite flowers, and tips for planning a pollinator garden.
Produced by the non-profit group Green Venture in association with the City of Hamilton, this site provides information on the principles to consider when xeriscaping.
Okanagan Xeriscape Association
The Okanagan Xeriscape Association's website provides in-depth information on xeriscaping including articles and information on how to xeriscape for both new and established gardens, a landscape assessment tool and a searchable plant database.