Logo of nature.ca - Canadian Museum of Nature.
Logo of Natural History Notebooks.
Button: Home. Button: Resources. Button: Notebooks A-Z.
Button: Français.
Home > Mammals > Star-Nosed Mole Next
Text: Mammals.
Star-Nosed Mole
Photo: Star-Nosed Mole, Condylura cristata.
Star-nosed mole, Condylura cristata
More Images »

Where are they found? North America

Map of the world.

Like other moles, the star-nosed mole is very powerful in relation to its size. Using its paddle-shaped hands together with a twisting motion of its compact body, it constructs a network of tunnels about 50 cm (1.5 ft.) beneath the surface of the ground, but above the water table. Its nests are made of dried grass and other vegetation.

Found over most of eastern Canada as far north as James Bay, this animal is about 20 cm (8 in.) in length, approximately one-third of which is tail. The tip of the snout is expanded into a naked pink disc which supports 22 finger-like tentacles, or feelers, which give this creature its common name.

The star-nosed mole is active all year round. Even in winter it spends a good deal of its time in the water, where it is an able swimmer. The star-nosed mole prefers wet, swampy ground and subsists on a diet of worms, insects and crustaceans. It has few natural enemies but sometimes falls prey to the Great Horned Owl and to some of the larger fish.

More Images
Photo: Star-Nosed Mole, Condylura cristata. Photo: Star-Nosed Mole, Condylura cristata. Photo: Star-Nosed Mole, Condylura cristata.

Looking for photos?

The Canadian Museum of Nature has thousands of unique images reflecting the diversity of the natural world—including the photos and illustrations here in our Natural History NotebooksContact us to learn more!

To cite this page for personal use:
“Star-Nosed Mole”. [Online]. Natural History Notebooks. Canadian Museum of Nature.
Last updated (Web site consulted

Button: Mammals. Photo: Lion (Panthera leo). Button: Birds. Photo: Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos).
Button: Fish. Photo: Brown trout (Salmo trutta). Button: Reptiles. Photo: Komodo dragon (Varanus komodensis).
Button: Amphibians. Photo: Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeiana). Button: Invertebrates. Photo: House fly (Musca domestica).
Button: Dinosaurs. Illustration: Tyrannosaurus rex. Archive slide: S71-116. Button: Prehistoric. Illustration: Muskox (Ovibos moschatus).
Button: Navigate the World. Illustration: Map of the world.

Reproduction Rights    Credits    Explore Nature!    Comments or Questions?

Next Previous Next Previous