Logo of nature.ca - Canadian Museum of Nature.
Logo of Natural History Notebooks.
 
Button: Home. Button: Resources. Button: Notebooks A-Z.
Button: Français.
Home > Mammals > Koala Next
Text: Mammals.
   
Koala
Photo: Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus.
Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus
More Images »

Where are they found? Australia

Map of the world.


Koalas are marsupials, which are animals that carry their young in a pouch. They are found in Australia. Koalas feed exclusively on the leaves of eucalyptus trees and become so saturated with the essential oils of this plant that they smell just like cough drops. Eucalyptus leaves are very low in nutrients and protein and are very slow to digest, so koalas rest for about 20 hours of the day to conserve energy.

On average, a male koala weighs about 10.5 kg (23 lb.) and a female weighs about 8 kg (18 lb.). A mature male koala usually has a small harem of females, which he guards jealously. Female koalas give birth to a single offspring every two years.

In the early part of the 20th century, it was a popular sport to shoot koalas out of the trees. Undisturbed by the presence of humans, placid and friendly even, koalas are easy targets. Millions were slaughtered for their soft, durable, silver-grey fur. The koala was approaching extinction when the Australian government passed protective legislation to enable this species to make a comeback.


More Images
Photo: Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus. Photo: Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus. Photo: Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus. Photo: Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus. Photo: Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus. Photo: Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus. Photo: Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus. Photo: Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus. Photo: Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus. Photo: Koala, Phascolarctos cinereus.


Looking for photos?

The Canadian Museum of Nature has thousands of unique images reflecting the diversity of the natural world—including the photos and illustrations here in our Natural History NotebooksContact us to learn more!


To cite this page for personal use:
“Koala”. [Online]. Natural History Notebooks. Canadian Museum of Nature.
Last updated (Web site consulted

Previous
Button: Mammals. Photo: Lion (Panthera leo). Button: Birds. Photo: Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos).
Button: Fish. Photo: Brown trout (Salmo trutta). Button: Reptiles. Photo: Komodo dragon (Varanus komodensis).
Button: Amphibians. Photo: Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeiana). Button: Invertebrates. Photo: House fly (Musca domestica).
Button: Dinosaurs. Illustration: Tyrannosaurus rex. Archive slide: S71-116. Button: Prehistoric. Illustration: Muskox (Ovibos moschatus).
Button: Navigate the World. Illustration: Map of the world.
 
Text: Play the games and interactives from our Mammal Gallery. Logo: Mammal Gallery.

Reproduction Rights    Credits    Explore Nature!    Comments or Questions?

Next Previous Next Previous